Gobiidae – Gobies Dartfish
Gobies belong to the Gobiidae family. Gobies make up the largest family of marine fishes. The families Microdesmidae (Firefishes), Callionymidae (Mandarins), Opistognathidae (Jawfish), and Malacanthidae (Tilefish) are often included in the group of fish called gobies. Although these families are not Gobies, they are close relatives which have similar characteristics or habits. The genera of Gobies are extensive, comprising over 200, far too many to list. Gobies are relatively small fish, usually reaching a size of only three inches in an aquarium.
The largest member of the Goby family can reach a length of over 20 inches in the wild. Gobies can be recognized by their long, tubular shape. Most members of this group have two dorsal (top) fins. Gobies are found throughout the world in tropical and temperate waters, occupying coral reefs, rocky areas, or lagoons. Most Gobies are found in pairs or small groups, and are often associated with crustaceas or sessile invertebrates. Some Gobies spend their lives with pistol shrimp, sharing a burrow; other species of gobies live on the branches of sea fans, sponges, or live corals. A few Gobies also act as cleaners, picking parasites and dead skin from larger fish. The diet of these fish comprises zooplankton, small crustaceans, and algae. Most Gobies and related fish adjust well to life in an aquarium. It is important to note that a well-sealed lid is a requirement for keeping these fish, as they will jump out of an open aquarium with great ease.
Gobies should be provided plenty of rockwork and the proper substrate of coral sand to enable the burrowing or sand-sifting Gobies the proper environment. In most of the Gobies, no significant characteristics differentiate males from females. The breeding of some species of Gobies has been accomplished in an aquarium, and the fry of these fish have been reared to adulthood successfully.
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Pink-bar Shrimp Goby||Amblyeleotris aurora|
|Steinitz’s Shrimp Goby||Amblyeleotris steinitzi|
|Dracula Shrimp Goby||Stonogobiops dracula|
|Orange Spotted Sand Goby||Fusigobius longispinus|
|Inner Spotted Sand Goby||Fusigobius inframaculatus|
|Bigtoothed/Largetooth Goby||Macrodontogobius wilburi|
|Yellow Coral/Citron Goby||Gobiodon citrinus|
|Six Spot Sleeper Goby||Valenciennea sexguttata|
|Golden Head Sleeper Goby||Valenciennea strigata|
|Whitebarred Reef Goby||Amblygobius semicinctus|
|Orangespotted Sleeper/Diamond Goby||Valenciennea puellaris|
|Valencia Sleeper/Twostripe Goby||Valenciennea helsdingenii|
|Red Fire-Goby/Fire goby||Nemateleotris magnifica|
|Purple Fire-Goby/Purple Dartfish||Nemateleotris decora|
|Arrow Goby/Blackfin dartfish||Ptereleotris evides|
|Zebra Dart-Goby/Zebra Barred Dartfish||Ptereleotris zebra|
|Spottail Dartfish/Blue Gudgeon Goby||Ptereleotris heteroptera|
|Hector’s Goby||Amblygobius hectori|
|Full Moon Reef Goby||Priolepis nocturna|