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Acanthuridae - Surgeonfishes Tangs Maldives Aquarium Fish Exporter
Acanthuridae - Surgeonfishes Tangs
  Common Name Scientific Name
Powder Blue Tang/Surgeonfish
Powder Blue Tang/Surgeonfish Acanthurus leucosternon
Lieutenant Surgeonfish
Lieutenant Surgeonfish Acanthurus tennenti
Lined Surgeonfish/Clown Tang
Lined Surgeonfish/Clown Tang Acanthurus lineatus
Convict Surgeonfish
Convict Surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus
Dusky/Brown Surgeonfish
Dusky/Brown Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus
Whitespotted Surgeonfish 
Whitespotted Surgeonfish   Acanthurus guttatus
Epaulette Surgeonfish 
Epaulette Surgeonfish  Acanthurus nigricauda
Twospot Surgeonfish
Twospot Surgeonfish Ctenochaetus binotatus
Brown Tang
Brown Tang Zebrasoma scopas
Sailfin Tang
Sailfin Tang Zebrasoma veliferum/desjardinii
Orange-spine Unicornfish
Orange-spine Unicornfish Naso lituratus
Bignose Unicornfish
Bignose Unicornfish Naso vlamingii
Spotted Unicornfish
Spotted Unicornfish Naso brevirostris
Bluespine Unicornfish
Bluespine Unicornfish Naso unicornis
Spotted surgeonfish/Goldring Bristletooth
Spotted surgeonfish/Goldring Bristletooth Ctenochaetus strigosus
Palelipped/Whitespined surgeonfish
Palelipped/Whitespined surgeonfish Acanthurus leucocheilus
Black-spot/Eye-spot surgeonfish
Black-spot/Eye-spot surgeonfish Acanthurus bariene
Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish 
Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish      Acanthurus tristis
White-freckled Tang/Spotface surgeonfish
White-freckled Tang/Spotface surgeonfish Acanthurus maculiceps


Tangs or Surgeonfish belong to the Acanthuridae family, and are classified into six genera which include Acanthurus, Paracanthurus, Ctenochaetus, Naso, Zebrasoma, and Prionurus. Tangs are commonly referred to as Surgeonfish or Doctorfish and can be identified by their characteristic spine or spines on the side of their bodies near the tail.
Each side bears either a single, sharp, hinged spine, or one or two immobile, keel-like, razor sharp plates. This family uses these spines as a means of protection by rubbing or brushing up against their aggressors in a quick sideways motion. Extreme caution should be used when handling this fish family. The characteristic razor sharp spines can inflict deep cuts or wounds, especially from that of larger specimens. The potential for minor or serious infections to arise from a cut or wound to ones self warrants paying close attention to them and treating them properly

Members of this family generally remain small or medium in size, with a few adult species reaching larger sizes to about 15 inches. However, the Unicornfishes (named for the single horn-like spine on the front of their heads) reach an average length of 15 to 20 inches, with the Naso unicornis species sometimes growing to 24 inches.


Angel Fish
Anthias / Basslet
Damselfish / Anemonefish
Gobies / Dartfish
Lionfish / Scorpionfish
Squirrelfish / Soldierfish
Surgeonfishes / Tangs




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